MySql (MariaDB) crashes on small RAM VPS, what to do

Recently I encountered one weird problem, my MariaDB database started to crash from time to time on one of my small RAM (512mb) virtual private servers. After some short googling I found out what what is potential problem with MariaDB on small RAM machines and how to fix it.

First of all, if you have this kind of problem, check MariaDB logs

tail -n 100 /var/log/mariadb/mariadb.log

you may find something like this:

160608 12:08:05 InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
160608 12:08:05 InnoDB: Fatal error: cannot allocate memory for the buffer pool
160608 12:08:05 [ERROR] Plugin 'InnoDB' init function returned error.
160608 12:08:05 [ERROR] Plugin 'InnoDB' registration as a STORAGE ENGINE failed.
160608 12:08:05 [ERROR] mysqld: Out of memory (Needed 128917504 bytes)

After some research I figured out that mysql require a lot resources for performance schema, and disabling it will help on small memory machines. source

sudo vim /etc/my.cnf

add

performance_schema = off

to section

[mysqld]

To ensure that database server will restart on crash, on OS with Systemd like CentOS 7 you need to do following

Open following file for edit

sudo vim /etc/systemd/system/mariadb.service

and add following lines

.include /lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service

[Service]
Restart=always
RestartSec=3

Then you need to restart reload Systemd configuration

sudo systemctl daemon-reload

and restart MariaDB service

systemctl restart mariadb

To ensure that Systemd restarts service you can do following:

ps -ef|grep maria

You will see something like this

mysql    26647 26368  0 Jun12 ?        00:06:22 /usr/libexec/mysqld ....

Try to kill the process using

kill 26647

Wait 3 seconds and check if MariaDB started again

ps -ef|grep maria

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